The tissue around the teeth (also known as gums) helps protect the teeth and prevent dental problems. Some people have gum disease and need to see a specialist such as a periodontist (gum doctor) to help prevent further damage and restore a beautiful smile. Most people wouldn’t notice the gradual decay of the gum tissue. Others are far more aware as it’s a critical part of a single tooth implant, multiple teeth implants, All-on-4 full mouth teeth replacement or other oral surgery performed by the board certified team at Guyette Facial & Oral Surgery.
I recently was a patient of Dr. Guyette and I had a great experience. I found him to be very knowledgeable, kind and had a great bedside manner. He helped my navigate through my procedure with ease and precision.
- Anonymous, Google Review*
There are two types of skin in the mouth. The first is the thin reddish lining of most of the mouth called mucosa. Mucosa contains minor salivary glands which keep the mouth moist, and because it is thin, allows natural movement of the lips, tongue, and cheek. The second type of skin in the mouth is called, “gingiva.” Gingiva is thicker, light pink in color, and forms a narrow band around existing teeth and the roof of the mouth. Gingiva is necessary because it is stronger and can resist the forces resulting from chewing food. It also resists infection around teeth or implants by limiting the ability of bacteria to enter between the tooth or implant and the “skin.”
When teeth are lost, gingiva (like bone) shrinks away. If insufficient gingiva is present and dental implants are planned, gingival or “keratinized tissue grafting” may be necessary to ensure that there is an adequate band of attached gingiva around the implants, like there is around teeth. If there is inadequate gingiva around the implants, there is increased risk of pain, infection, and loss of the implant over time.
The most frequent source of graft material is the roof of the mouth (hard palate). A thin portion of the skin is removed from the hard palate, prepared and then sutured to the area around the implant (or tooth). Initial healing takes place within 10-14 days after which the sutures are removed. This procedure is performed in our office under IV sedation. Please contact our Scottsdale or Avondale practice today to schedule a consultation – 480-657-7065.